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BOLD and perfusion changes during epileptic generalised spike wave activity

Hamandi, Khalid, Laufs, Helmut, Nöth, Ulrike, Carmichael, David W., Duncan, John S. and Lemieux, Louis 2008. BOLD and perfusion changes during epileptic generalised spike wave activity. NeuroImage 39 (2) , pp. 608-618. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2007.07.009

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Abstract

It is unclear whether neurovascular coupling is maintained during epileptic discharges. Knowing this is important to allow appropriate inferences from functional imaging studies of epileptic activity. Recent blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional MRI (fMRI) studies have demonstrated negative BOLD responses (NBR) in frontal, parietal and posterior cingulate cortices during generalised spike wave activity (GSW). We hypothesized that GSW-related NBR commonly reflect decreased cerebral blood flow (CBF). We measured BOLD and cerebral blood flow responses using simultaneous EEG with BOLD and arterial spin label (ASL) fMRI at 3 T. Four patients with epilepsy were studied; two with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) and two with secondary generalized epilepsy (SGE). We found GSW-related NBR in frontal, parietal and posterior cingulate cortices. We measured the coupling between BOLD and CBF changes during GSW and normal background EEG and found a positive correlation between the simultaneously measured BOLD and CBF throughout the imaged volume. Frontal and thalamic activation were seen in two patients with SGE, concordant with the electro-clinical features of their epilepsy. There was striking reproducibility of the GSW-associated BOLD response in subjects previously studied at 1.5 T. Our results show a preserved relationship between BOLD and CBF changes during rest and GSW activity consistent with normal neurovascular coupling in patients with generalized epilepsy and in particular during GSW activity. Cortical activations appear to reflect areas of discharge generation whilst deactivations reflect changes in conscious resting state activity.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1053-8119
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:42
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/83027

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