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Poisson's ratio and strain rate dependency of the constitutive behavior of spinal dura mater

Persson, C., Evans, Samuel Lewin, Marsh, Rainy, Summers, J. L. and Hall, R. M. 2010. Poisson's ratio and strain rate dependency of the constitutive behavior of spinal dura mater. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 38 (3) , pp. 975-983. 10.1007/s10439-010-9924-6

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Abstract

Knowledge of the mechanical behavior of spinal dura mater is important for a number of applications including the experimental and computational modeling of physiological phenomena and spinal cord trauma. However, mechanical characterization of dura mater is relatively sparse and is further compounded by the use of the tangent modulus as the sole measure of stiffness. This study aims to provide a more complete description of the mechanical properties of spinal dura mater, including the effect of strain rate. Bovine dura mater was tested under uniaxial tension in both the longitudinal and the circumferential directions at three different strain rates; 0.01, 0.1, and 1.0 s(-1). An Ogden model was fitted to the resulting stress–stretch data. The morphology of the dura mater was assessed using Sirius red and H&E staining. No significant effect of the strain rate was found for the Ogden model parameters. Longitudinal specimens were significantly stronger and more deformable than circumferential samples, probably due to the structural arrangement of the collagen fibers. At low strains, however, the circumferential specimens were stiffer than the longitudinal ones. The findings of this study will allow more complete representations of the spinal dura mater to be developed.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Spinal dura mater; Material properties; Circumferential; Longitudinal; Strain rate; Poisson’s ratio
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0090-6964
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:04
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/8326

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