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Chromosome 22 tiling-path array-CGH analysis identifies germ-line- and tumor-specific aberrations in patients with glioblastoma multiforme

Diaz de Stahl, T., Hartmann, C., de Bustos, C., Piotrowski, A., Benetkiewicz, M., Mantripragada, Kiran Kumar, Tykwinski, T., von Deimling, A. and Dumanski, J. P. 2005. Chromosome 22 tiling-path array-CGH analysis identifies germ-line- and tumor-specific aberrations in patients with glioblastoma multiforme. Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer 44 (2) , pp. 161-169. 10.1002/gcc.20226

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Abstract

Gliomas are common and frequently malignant tumors of the central nervous system. Recurrent allelic losses of chromosome 22 have been reported in gliomas, indicating tumor-suppressor genes at this location. However, the target genes are still unknown. We applied a high resolution tiling-path chromosome 22 array to a series of 50 glioblastoma samples, with the aim of investigating the underlying abnormalities in both constitutional and tumor-derived DNA. We detected hemizygous deletions in 28% of the tumors (14 of 50), with monosomy 22 (10 of 50) being the predominant pattern. The distribution of overlapping hemizygous deletions delineated two putative tumor-suppressor loci (11.1 and 3.08 Mb in size) across 22q. Most strikingly, we identified two distinct loci affected by regional gains. Both alterations were of germ-line origin and were unique to samples from patients affected with tumors. Analysis of these two amplified regions revealed the presence of two interesting candidate genes: TOP3B and TAFA5. The TOP3B gene encodes a protein that seems to function in the unlinking of parental strands at the final stage of DNA replication and/or in the dissociation of structures in mitotic cells that could lead to recombination. The TAFA5 gene belongs to a novel family of proteins with similarity to chemokines and brain-specific expression. The role of the identified candidate loci should be studied further. Our results demonstrated the power of array-CGH to determine DNA copy number alterations in the context of germ-line- and tumor-specific aberrations.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Wiley-Liss Inc
ISSN: 1045-2257
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:42
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/83370

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