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Localization of a putative low-penetrance ependymoma susceptibility locus to 22q11 using a chromosome 22 tiling-path genomic microarray

Ammerlaan, A. C., de Bustos, C., Ararou, A., Buckley, P. G., Mantripragada, Kiran Kumar, Verstegen, M. J., Hulsebos, T. J. and Dumanski, J. P. 2005. Localization of a putative low-penetrance ependymoma susceptibility locus to 22q11 using a chromosome 22 tiling-path genomic microarray. Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer 43 (4) , pp. 329-338. 10.1002/gcc.20207

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Ependymomas frequently display allelic loss of chromosome 22 in the absence of mutations in the known tumor-suppressor genes on chromosome 22, suggesting the role of an alternative predisposing gene or genes from this chromosome. In an effort to localize these genes, 37 ependymomas derived from 33 patients were analyzed for the presence of copy number changes by use of a high-resolution chromosome 22 genomic microarray. Eighteen ependymomas (49%) displayed an array-CGH profile consistent with monosomy of chromosome 22. However, in 10 of these tumors, the fluorescence ratios for 22q clones scored as deleted were different from those at the single gene copy level. This suggests either analysis of mixed populations of tumor and normal stromal cells or analysis of mixed tumor cell populations with different genetic profiles. Four ependymomas derived from two patients showed overlapping interstitial deletions of 2.2 Mb and approximately 510 kb. Further analyses revealed that these deletions were present in the constitutional DNA of these two patients as well as in some of their unaffected relatives. Detailed microsatellite analysis of these families refined the commonly deleted segment to a region of 320 kb between markers RH13801 and D22S419. Our results provide additional evidence for the involvement of genes on chromosome 22 in the development of ependymoma and suggest the presence of a low-penetrance ependymoma susceptibility locus at 22q11.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Wiley-Liss Inc
ISSN: 1045-2257
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:42

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