Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

A double dissociation of ventromedial prefrontal cortical responses to sad and happy stimuli in depressed and healthy individuals

Keedwell, Paul A, Andrew, C., Williams, S. C., Brammer, M. J. and Phillips, Mary L 2005. A double dissociation of ventromedial prefrontal cortical responses to sad and happy stimuli in depressed and healthy individuals. Biological psychiatry 58 (6) , pp. 495-503. 10.1016/j.biopsych.2005.04.035

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC) is a region implicated in the assessment of the rewarding potential of stimuli and may be dysfunctional in major depressive disorder (MDD). The few studies examining prefrontal cortical responses to emotive stimuli in MDD have indicated increased VMPFC responses to pleasant images but decreased responses to sad mood provocation when compared with healthy individuals. We wished to corroborate these results by examining neural responses to personally relevant happy and sad stimuli in MDD and healthy individuals within the same paradigm. METHODS: Neural responses to happy and sad emotional stimuli (autobiographical memory prompts and congruent facial expressions) were measured using blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in MDD (n = 12) and healthy (n = 12) individuals. RESULTS: Increased and decreased responses in VMPFC were observed in MDD and healthy individuals, respectively, to happy stimuli, whereas the pattern was reversed for MDD and healthy individual responses to sad stimuli. These findings were not explained by medication effects in depressed individuals. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate a double dissociation of the pattern of VMPFC response to happy and sad stimuli in depressed and healthy individuals and suggest abnormal reward processing in MDD.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0006-3223
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:43
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/83433

Citation Data

Cited 147 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item