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TBP, a polyglutamine tract containing protein, accumulates in Alzheimer's disease

Reid, Suzanne J., van Roon-Mom, Willeke M.C., Wood, Phil C., Rees, Mark I., Owen, Michael John, Faull, Richard L.M., Dragunow, Mike and Snell, Russell G. 2004. TBP, a polyglutamine tract containing protein, accumulates in Alzheimer's disease. Molecular Brain Research 125 (1-2) , pp. 120-128. 10.1016/j.molbrainres.2004.03.018

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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterised by extra cellular beta-amyloid (betaA) deposition, Tau-containing neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) and progressive cortical atrophy. Abnormal protein accumulation is also a common feature of other late onset neurodegenerative diseases, including the heritable polyglutamine (polyQ) disorders such as Huntington disease (HD) and the spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs). One of this family of disorders, SCA17, is caused by an expansion of a polymorphic polyQ repeat in TATA binding protein (TBP), an essential transcription factor. Surprisingly, the wild type TBP repeat length ranges from 25 to 42, and in Caucasian populations the most common allele is 38, a size large enough to cause HD if within the huntingtin protein. Wild type length TBP accumulates in HD and in at least some of the SCAs, and consequently we hypothesised that it may contribute to AD. Here we provide evidence that TBP accumulates in AD brain, localising to neurofibrillary tangle structures. A proportion of TBP present in AD brain is insoluble; a signature of the polyQ diseases. TBP is present differentially between patients and its amount and distribution is not directly proportional to that of Tau or beta-amyloid positive structures. We present this as evidence for the hypothesis that the accumulation or misfolding of this polyQ containing protein may be a contributing factor in Alzheimer's disease.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0169-328X
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:43

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