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Morphological features and band bending at nonpolar surfaces of ZnO

Mora-Fonz, David, Buckeridge, John, Logsdail, Andrew, Scanlon, David O., Sokol, Alexey A., Woodley, Scott and Catlow, Charles Richard 2015. Morphological features and band bending at nonpolar surfaces of ZnO. Journal of Physical Chemistry C 119 (21) , pp. 11598-11611. 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b01331

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Abstract

We employ hybrid density functional calculations to analyze the structure and stability of the (101̅0) and (112̅0) ZnO surfaces, confirming the relative stability of the two surfaces. We then examine morphological features, including steps, dimer vacancies, and grooves, at the main nonpolar ZnO surface using density functional methods. Calculations explain why steps are common on the (101̅0) surface even at room temperature, as seen in experiment. The surface structure established has been used to obtain the definitive ionization potential and electron affinity of ZnO in good agreement with experiment. The band bending across the surface is analyzed by the decomposition of the density of states for each atomic layer. The upward surface band bending at the (101̅0) surface affects mostly the valence band by 0.32 eV, which results in the surface band gap closing by 0.31 eV; at the (112̅0) surface, the valence band remains flat and the conduction band bends up by 0.18 eV opening the surface band gap by 0.12 eV.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: ACS Publications
ISSN: 1932-7447
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 3 June 2016
Last Modified: 25 Dec 2017 20:59
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/83858

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