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Non-invasive brain mapping in epilepsy: applications from magnetoencephalography

Hamandi, Khalid, Routley, Bethany C., Koelewijn, Loes and Singh, Krish Devi 2016. Non-invasive brain mapping in epilepsy: applications from magnetoencephalography. Journal of Neuroscience Methods 260 , pp. 283-291. 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2015.11.012

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Abstract

Background Non-invasive in vivo neurophysiological recordings with EEG/MEG are key to the diagnosis, classification, and further understanding of epilepsy. Historically the emphasis of these recordings has been the localisation of the putative sources of epileptic discharges. More recent developments see new techniques studying oscillatory dynamics, connectivity and network properties. New method New analysis strategies for whole head MEG include the development of spatial filters or beamformers for source localisation, time–frequency analysis for cortical dynamics and graph theory applications for connectivity. Results The idea of epilepsy as a network disorder is not new, and new applications of structural and functional brain imaging show differences in cortical and subcortical networks in patients with epilepsy compared to controls. Concepts of ‘focal’ and ‘generalised’ are challenged by evidence of focal onsets in generalised epileptic discharges, and widespread network changes in focal epilepsy. Spectral analyses can show differences in induced cortical response profiles, particularly in photosensitive epilepsy. Comparison with existing method This review focuses on the application of MEG in the study of epilepsy, starting with a brief historical perspective, followed by novel applications of source localisation, time–frequency and connectivity analyses. Conclusion Novel MEG analyses approaches show altered cortical dynamics and widespread network alterations in focal and generalised epilepsies, and identification of regional network abnormalities may have a role in epilepsy surgery evaluation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Psychology
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Magnetoencepahlography; Epilepsy; Cortical osciilations; Connectivity; Graph theory
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0165-0270
Date of Acceptance: 18 November 2015
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:45
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/84196

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