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Adjusting the DNA interaction and anticancer activity of pt(ii) n-heterocyclic carbene complexes by steric shielding of the trans leaving group

Muenzner, Julienne K., Rehm, Tobias, Biersack, Bernhard, Casini, Angela, de Graaf, Inge A. M., Worawutputtapong, Pawida, Noor, Awal, Kempe, Rhett, Brabec, Viktor, Kasparkova, Jana and Schobert, Rainer 2015. Adjusting the DNA interaction and anticancer activity of pt(ii) n-heterocyclic carbene complexes by steric shielding of the trans leaving group. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 58 (15) , pp. 6283-6292. 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.5b00896

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Abstract

Five platinum(II) complexes bearing a (1,3-dibenzyl)imidazol-2-ylidene ligand but different leaving groups trans to it were examined for cytotoxicity, DNA and cell cycle interference, vascular disrupting properties, and nephrotoxicity. The cytotoxicity of complexes 3a–c increased with the steric shielding of their leaving chloride ligand, and complex 3c, featuring two triphenylphosphanes, was the most efficacious, with submicromolar IC50 concentrations. Complexes 3a–c interacted with DNA in electrophoretic mobility shift and ethidium bromide binding assays. The cationic complex 3c did not bind coordinatively to DNA but led to its aggregation, damage that is not amenable to the usual repair mechanisms. Accordingly, it arrested the cell cycle of melanoma cells in G1 phase, whereas cis-dichlorido[(1,3-dibenzyl)imidazol-2-ylidene](dimethyl sulfoxide) platinum(II) 3a induced G2/M phase arrest. Complex 3c also disrupted the blood vessels in the chorioallantoic membrane of fertilized chicken eggs. Ex vivo studies using precision-cut tissue slices suggested the nephrotoxicities of 3a–c to be clinically manageable.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 08:47
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/84938

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