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City as a geopolitics: Tbilisi, Georgia — A globalizing metropolis in a turbulent region

Salukvadze, Joseph and Golubchikov, Oleg 2016. City as a geopolitics: Tbilisi, Georgia — A globalizing metropolis in a turbulent region. Cities 52 , pp. 39-54. 10.1016/j.cities.2015.11.013

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Abstract

Tbilisi, a city of over a million, is the national capital of Georgia. Although little explored in urban studies, the city epitomizes a fascinating assemblage of processes that can illuminate the interplay of geopolitics, political choices, globalization discourses, histories, and urban contestations in shaping urban transformations. Tbilisi's strategic location in the South Caucasus, at the juncture of major historical empires and religions in Eurasia, has ensured its turbulent history and a polyphony of cultural influences. Following Georgia's independence in 1991, Tbilisi found itself as the pivot of Georgian nation-building. Transition to a market economy also exposed the city to economic hardship, ethnical homogenization, and the informalization of the urban environment. The economic recovery since the early 2000s has activated urban regeneration. Georgia's government has recently promoted flagship urban development projects in pursuit of making Tbilisi as a modern globalizing metropolis. This has brought contradictions, such as undermining the city's heritage, contributing to socio-spatial polarization, and deteriorating the city's public spaces. The elitist processes of decision-making and a lack of a consistent urban policy and planning regimes are argued to be among major impediments for a more sustainable development of this city.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Geography and Planning (GEOPL)
Additional Information: Available online 12 December 2015
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0264-2751
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Date of Acceptance: 15 November 2015
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2019 09:03
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/85754

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