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Observation of gravitational waves from a binary black hole merger

Abbott, B. P., Fays, Maxime, Fairhurst, Stephen, Hannam, Mark, Hopkins, Paul, Kalaghatgi, Chinmay Vasudev, Khan, Sebastian, London, Lionel, Muir, Alistair William, Ohme, Frank, Pannarale, Francesco, Predoi, Valeriu, Sathyaprakash, Bangalore Suryanarayana, Schutz, Bernard Frederick, Sutton, Patrick J., Tiwari, Vaibhav, Williamson, Andrew Robert, LIGO Scientific Collaboration, and Virgo Collaboration, 2016. Observation of gravitational waves from a binary black hole merger. Physical Review Letters 116 (6) , 061102. 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.061102

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Abstract

On September 14, 2015 at 09:50:45 UTC the two detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory simultaneously observed a transient gravitational-wave signal. The signal sweeps upwards in frequency from 35 to 250 Hz with a peak gravitational-wave strain of 1.0×10 −21 . It matches the waveform predicted by general relativity for the inspiral and merger of a pair of black holes and the ringdown of the resulting single black hole. The signal was observed with a matched-filter signal-to-noise ratio of 24 and a false alarm rate estimated to be less than 1 event per 203 000 years, equivalent to a significance greater than 5.1σ . The source lies at a luminosity distance of 410 +160 −180   Mpc corresponding to a redshift z=0.09 +0.03 −0.04 . In the source frame, the initial black hole masses are 36 +5 −4 M ⊙ and 29 +4 −4 M ⊙ , and the final black hole mass is 62 +4 −4 M ⊙ , with 3.0 +0.5 −0.5 M ⊙ c 2 radiated in gravitational waves. All uncertainties define 90% credible intervals. These observations demonstrate the existence of binary stellar-mass black hole systems. This is the first direct detection of gravitational waves and the first observation of a binary black hole merger

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Additional Information: Please follow the links to the journal article to see a complete list of authors.
Publisher: American Physical Society
ISSN: 0031-9007
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Date of Acceptance: 21 January 2016
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2019 13:43
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/86738

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