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Bacterial Profiles in Deep Sediments of the Santa Barbara Basin, Site 893

Cragg, Barry Andrew, Parkes, Ronald John, Fry, John Christopher, Weightman, Andrew John, Maxwell, J. R., Kastner, M., Hovland, M., Whiticar, M. J., Sample, J. C. and Stein, R. 1995. Bacterial Profiles in Deep Sediments of the Santa Barbara Basin, Site 893. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program Scientific Results 146-2 , pp. 139-144. 10.2973/odp.proc.sr.146-2.302.1995

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Abstract

Bacterial depth profiles were obtained from high-organic-load sediments (water depth 538 m) to a depth of 68.28 m below seafloor. Using the Acridine Orange Direct Count (AODC) technique, near-surface bacterial populations were 1.27 × 109 cells/ cm3. Numbers of bacteria decreased rapidly to 4.77 × 106 cells/cm3 at 12 mbsf and then more slowly to 2.51 × 106 cells/cm3 at 68.28 mbsf (505-fold decrease). Dividing cells represented approximately 10% of the total count but decreased at a greater rate (850-fold). There was an abrupt change in the rate of total bacterial population decrease at approximately 13 mbsf. Bacterial numbers were strongly correlated (P « 0.002) with total organic carbon. Near-surface concentrations of organic carbon rapidly decreased from approximately 3.6% to 2.0% at 13 mbsf, and thereafter remained at 1.5%—2.0% to the base of the core at 68.28 mbsf, indicating a high level of recalcitrance. The changes in the rate of bacterial population decrease with depth may be a response to increasingly recalcitrant organic carbon. High levels of methane (4100 μmol/L) were found at 9.0 mbsf, although the maximum concentration present in the sediment at this site may be in an unsampled horizon above this depth. At greater depth, methane concentrations were still high (>IOOO μmol/L), and although this area has many seeps of oil and gas, the C|/C2+ ratios indicate a biogenic rather than a fhermogenic source.This work represents the first detailed microbiological analysis of deep sediment layers from the Santa Barbara Basin.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Earth and Ocean Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Deep sediment microbiology
Publisher: Ocean Drilling Program
ISSN: 1096-7451
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:05
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/8684

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