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Regional newspaper coverage of shale gas development across Ohio, New York, and Pennsylvania: Similarities, differences, and lessons

Ashmoore, Olivia, Evensen, Darrick T. N., Clarke, Chris, Krakower, Jennifer and Simon, Jeremy 2016. Regional newspaper coverage of shale gas development across Ohio, New York, and Pennsylvania: Similarities, differences, and lessons. Energy Research & Social Science 11 , pp. 119-132. 10.1016/j.erss.2015.09.005

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In communities experiencing shale gas development, the local media are an important information source on potential impacts of development; their coverage generates and spreads social representations of this issue. We examine representations of natural gas development through a content analysis of six regional newspapers in the northern United States (n = 1,958 articles) – two each in Ohio, New York, and Pennsylvania. Previous research showed similarities between the New York and Pennsylvania newspapers; differences emerged in nearby Ohio’s coverage. In Ohio, similar percentages of articles mentioned economic impacts as in Pennsylvania and New York, but significantly fewer articles mentioned environmental or social impacts. Furthermore, valence of economic and social impacts was notably more positive in Ohio. This analysis highlights nuances inherent in regional discourse about shale gas development. In turn, these differences have implications for: (1) how politicians, journalists, activists, and researchers can better communicate about shale gas development, (2) policy/regulation of development, and (3) future research on social representations of emergent forms of energy extraction. We suggest the need, in social science research on energy development, to examine societal-level (not merely individual) influences on perceptions and to account for nuances inherent in regional variation – infrequently manifest in national sample studies.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
N Fine Arts > NE Print media
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hydraulic fracturing; ‘Fracking’; Content analysis; Social representation
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 2214-6296
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 20 December 2016
Date of Acceptance: 17 September 2015
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2020 04:50

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