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Drosophila PTB promotes formation of high-order RNP particles and represses oskar translation

Besse, F., Lopez de Quinto, Sonia, Marchand, V., Trucco, A. and Ephrussi, A. 2009. Drosophila PTB promotes formation of high-order RNP particles and represses oskar translation. Genes & Development 23 (2) , pp. 195-207. 10.1101/gad.505709

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Abstract

Local translation of asymmetrically enriched mRNAs is a powerful mechanism for functional polarization of the cell. In Drosophila, exclusive accumulation of Oskar protein at the posterior pole of the oocyte is essential for development of the future embryo. This is achieved by the formation of a dynamic oskar ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex regulating the transport of oskar mRNA, its translational repression while unlocalized, and its translational activation upon arrival at the posterior pole. We identified the nucleo–cytoplasmic shuttling protein PTB (polypyrimidine tract-binding protein)/hnRNP I as a new factor associating with the oskar RNP in vivo. While PTB function is largely dispensable for oskar mRNA transport, it is necessary for translational repression of the localizing mRNA. Unexpectedly, a cytoplasmic form of PTB can associate with oskar mRNA and repress its translation, suggesting that nuclear recruitment of PTB to oskar complexes is not required for its regulatory function. Furthermore, PTB binds directly to multiple sites along the oskar 3′ untranslated region and mediates assembly of high-order complexes containing multiple oskar RNA molecules in vivo. Thus, PTB is a key structural component of oskar RNP complexes that dually controls formation of high-order RNP particles and translational silencing.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
ISSN: 0890-9369
Funders: RCUK
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:05
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/8803

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