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Wave-current interaction in a river and wave dominant estuary: a seasonal contrast

Jia, Liangwen, Wen, Yi, Pan, Shunqi, Liu, James T. and He, Jiawei 2015. Wave-current interaction in a river and wave dominant estuary: a seasonal contrast. Applied Ocean Research 52 , pp. 151-166. 10.1016/j.apor.2015.06.004

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Abstract

The dynamic feature of the Modaomen Estuary (ME) in the Pearl River Delta in southern China has been the subject of extensive research. In previous studies, wave–current interaction (WCI) was often neglected due to its complexity. This study uses a coupled hydrodynamic module TELEMAC-2D and wave propagation module TOMAWAC in the TELEMAC-Mascaret modeling system to quantify the effects of WCI on the hydrodynamics in the ME. The coupled wave and current modeling system was well validated against the field measurements at selected locations. The model results show that WCI varies with the seasonal change in runoff in the ME. The effect of waves on the currents is insignificant during the wet season with a current change of no more than 0.07 m/s; but, in contrast, the currents have a noticeable effect on waves. However, during the dry season, the interactions of waves and currents on each other are found to be equally significant. When wave model and current model are coupled, the velocity could increase up to a maximum of 0.30 m/s and decrease up to a maximum of 0.17 m/s. WCI is greatly affected by the propagation directions of wave and current in both seasons. Generally, wave height decreases and current increases for a following wave and current; wave height increases and current decreases for an opposing wave and current. The effects of waves on currents change with the tide. Changes are larger during neap tide than during spring tide, and stronger during ebb tide than during flood tide.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
Uncontrolled Keywords: Modaomen Estuary; Wave–current interaction; Modeling; TELEMAC
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0141-1187
Date of Acceptance: 5 June 2015
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:00
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/89041

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