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Immunization against specific fragments of neurotrophin p75 receptor protects forebrain cholinergic neurons in the olfactory bulbectomized mice

Bobkova, Natalia, Vorobyov, Vasily, Medvinskaya, Natalia, Nesterova, Inna, Tatarnikova, Olga, Nekrasov, Pavel, Samokhin, Alexander, Deev, Alexander, Sengpiel, Frank, Koroev, Dmitry and Volpina, Olga 2016. Immunization against specific fragments of neurotrophin p75 receptor protects forebrain cholinergic neurons in the olfactory bulbectomized mice. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease 53 (1) , pp. 289-301. 10.3233/JAD-160146

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Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by progressive cognitive impairment associated with marked cholinergic neuron loss and amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide accumulation in the brain. The cytotoxicity in AD is mediated, at least in part, by Aβ binding with the extracellular domain of the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR), localized predominantly in the membranes of acetylcholine-producing neurons in the basal forebrain. Hypothesizing that an open unstructured loop of p75NTR might be the effective site for Aβ binding, we have immunized both olfactory bulbectomized (OBX) and sham-operated (SO) mice (n = 82 and 49, respectively) with synthetic peptides, structurally similar to different parts of the loops, aiming to block them by specific antibodies. OBX-mice have been shown in previous studies, and confirmed in the present one, to be characterized by typical behavioral, morphological and biochemical AD hallmarks, including cholinergic deficits in forebrain neurons. Immunization of OBX- or SO-mice with KLH conjugated fragments of p75NTR induced high titers of specific serum antibodies for each of nine chosen fragments. However, maximal protective effects on spatial memory, evaluated in a Morris water maze, and on activity of choline acetyltransferase in forebrain neurons, detected by immunoreactivity to specific antibodies, were revealed only for peptides with amino acid residue sequences of 155-164 and 167-176. We conclude that the approach based on immunological blockade of specific p75NTR sites, linked with the cytotoxicity, is a useful and effective tool for study of AD-associated mechanisms and for development of highly selective therapy of cholinergic malfunctioning in AD patients

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Additional Information: Pdf uploaded in accordance with publisher's policy at http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1387-2877/ (accessed 13/04/2016)
Publisher: IOS Press
ISSN: 1387-2877
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 13 April 2016
Date of Acceptance: 31 March 2016
Last Modified: 02 May 2019 11:47
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/89173

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