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The infrared spectral properties of magellanic carbon stars

Sloan, G. C., Kraemer, K. E., McDonald, I., Groenewegen, M. A. T., Wood, P. R., Zijlstra, A. A., Lagadec, E., Boyer, M. L., Kemper, F., Matsuura, Mikako, Sahai, R., Sargent, B. A., Srinivasan, S., Van Loon, J. Th. and Volk, K. 2016. The infrared spectral properties of magellanic carbon stars. Astrophysical Journal 826 (1) , 44. 10.3847/0004-637X/826/1/44

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Abstract

The Infrared Spectrograph on the Spitzer Space Telescope observed 184 carbon stars in the Magellanic Clouds. This sample reveals that the dust-production rate (DPR) from carbon stars generally increases with the pulsation period of the star. The composition of the dust grains follows two condensation sequences, with more SiC condensing before amorphous carbon in metal-rich stars, and the order reversed in metal-poor stars. MgS dust condenses in optically thicker dust shells, and its condensation is delayed in more metal-poor stars. Metal-poor carbon stars also tend to have stronger absorption from C2H2 at 7.5 μm. The relation between DPR and pulsation period shows significant apparent scatter, which results from the initial mass of the star, with more massive stars occupying a sequence parallel to lower-mass stars, but shifted to longer periods. Accounting for differences in the mass distribution between the carbon stars observed in the Small and Large Magellanic Clouds reveals a hint of a subtle decrease in the DPR at lower metallicities, but it is not statistically significant. The most deeply embedded carbon stars have lower variability amplitudes and show SiC in absorption. In some cases they have bluer colors at shorter wavelengths, suggesting that the central star is becoming visible. These deeply embedded stars may be evolving off of the asymptotic giant branch and/or they may have non-spherical dust geometries.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Publisher: IOP Science
ISSN: 0004-637X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 12 September 2019
Date of Acceptance: 15 April 2016
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2019 13:27
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/89287

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