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Cancer risks in populations living near landfill sites in Great Britain

Jarup, L., Briggs, D., de Hoogh, C., Morris, S., Hurt, Christopher Nicholas, Lewin, A., Maitland, I., Richardson, S., Wakefield, J. and Elliott, P. 2002. Cancer risks in populations living near landfill sites in Great Britain. British Journal of Cancer 86 (11) , pp. 1732-1736. 10.1038/sj.bjc.6600311

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Previous studies have raised concerns about possible excess risks of bladder, brain and hepatobiliary cancers and leukaemias near landfill sites. Several cancers have been implicated, but no consistent pattern has emerged. We present a large nationwide analysis of selected cancers near landfill sites in Great Britain. The base population comprised people living within 2 km of 9565 (from a total of 19196) landfill sites that were operational at some time from 1982 to 1997, with populations living more than 2 km from a landfill as reference. Risks of cancers at the above sites were computed with adjustment for age, sex, year of diagnosis, region and deprivation. National post-coded registers provided a total of 341856640 person–years for the adult cancer analyses and 113631443 person–years for childhood leukaemia. There were 89786 cases of bladder cancer, 36802 cases of brain cancer, 21773 cases of hepatobiliary cancer, 37812 cases of adult leukaemia and 3973 cases of childhood leukaemia. In spite of the very large scale of this national study, we found no excess risks of cancers of the bladder and brain, hepatobiliary cancer or leukaemia, in populations living within 2 km of landfill sites. The results were similar if the analysis were restricted to landfill sites licensed to carry special (hazardous) waste. Our results do not support suggestions of excess risks of cancer associated with landfill sites reported in other studies.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Uncontrolled Keywords: landfills; bladder cancer; brain cancer; hepatobiliary cancer; leukaemia
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 0007-0920
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:04

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