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MicroRNAs in diabetic nephropathy: from biomarkers to therapy

Simpson, Katherine, Wonnacott, Alexa, Fraser, Donald J. and Bowen, Timothy 2016. MicroRNAs in diabetic nephropathy: from biomarkers to therapy. Current Diabetes Reports 16 (3) , 35. 10.1007/s11892-016-0724-8

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Abstract

Recent estimates suggest that 1 in 12 of the global population suffers from diabetes mellitus. Approximately 40 % of those affected will go on to develop diabetes-related chronic kidney disease or diabetic nephropathy (DN). DN is a major cause of disability and premature death. Existing tests for prognostic purposes are limited and can be invasive, and interventions to delay progression are challenging. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a recently described class of molecular regulators found ubiquitously in human tissues and bodily fluids, where they are highly stable. Alterations in miRNA expression profiles have been observed in numerous diseases. Blood and tissue miRNAs are already established cancer biomarkers, and cardiovascular, metabolic and immune disease miRNA biomarkers are under development. Urinary miRNAs represent a potential novel source of non-invasive biomarkers for kidney diseases, including DN. In addition, recent data suggest that miRNAs may have therapeutic applications. Here, we review the utility of miRNAs as biomarkers for the early detection and progression of DN, assess emerging data on miRNAs implicated in DN pathology and discuss how the data from both fields may contribute to the development of novel therapeutic agents.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISSN: 1534-4827
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 19 May 2016
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2019 11:06
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/90857

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