Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Diffusion MRI of structural brain plasticity induced by a learning and memory task

Tang, Ya-Ping, Blumenfeld-Katzir, Tamar, Pasternak, Ofer, Dagan, Michael and Assaf, Yaniv 2011. Diffusion MRI of structural brain plasticity induced by a learning and memory task. PLoS ONE 6 (6) , e20678. 10.1371/journal.pone.0020678

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Background Activity-induced structural remodeling of dendritic spines and glial cells was recently proposed as an important factor in neuroplasticity and suggested to accompany the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP). Although T1 and diffusion MRI have been used to study structural changes resulting from long-term training, the cellular basis of the findings obtained and their relationship to neuroplasticity are poorly understood. Methodology/Principal Finding Here we used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to examine the microstructural manifestations of neuroplasticity in rats that performed a spatial navigation task. We found that DTI can be used to define the selective localization of neuroplasticity induced by different tasks and that this process is age-dependent in cingulate cortex and corpus callosum and age-independent in the dentate gyrus. Conclusion/Significance We relate the observed DTI changes to the structural plasticity that occurs in astrocytes and discuss the potential of MRI for probing structural neuroplasticity and hence indirectly localizing LTP.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Publisher: Public Library of Science
ISSN: 1932-6203
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2019 02:21
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/92237

Citation Data

Cited 157 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item