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Impact of media reporting of cervical cancer in a UK celebrity on a population-based cervical screening programme

MacArthur, G. J., Wright, Melissa, Beer, Helen and Paranjothy, Shantini 2011. Impact of media reporting of cervical cancer in a UK celebrity on a population-based cervical screening programme. Journal of Medical Screening 18 (4) , pp. 204-209. 10.1258/jms.2011.011092

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Abstract

Objectives To determine the impact of media reporting of cervical cancer in a UK celebrity on cervical screening uptake, response time and colposcopy referral and attendance. Setting Population-based national cervical screening programme for women in Wales, UK. Methods A time series regression analysis of the Welsh national cervical screening and colposcopy databases was used to examine the number of smear tests carried out between 2000 and 2010, stratified by age group and deprivation indicators. Logistic regression was used to analyse colposcopy attendance. Results Over 33,000 more cervical screening tests than expected were carried out in the year of media reporting (2008/9), 11,539 (35%) of which were in the month of Jade Goody's death. The largest increase was evident in women aged 35–39 years (475 additional tests per month, 95% CI 331–619). Impacts were similar across deprivation quintiles. Colposcopy referrals increased by 18% during the year of media reporting. Increases were observed for all smear test results in 2008/9, particularly among younger women, and further rises were evident in 2009/10 for smear tests showing borderline changes and mild dyskaryosis. The proportion of women attending colposcopy appointments rose in the year of media reporting (χ2 = 45.8, P < 0.001). Conclusions Mass media reporting of cervical cancer in a UK celebrity was associated with a significant, but transient, increase in screening uptake and colposcopy referral and attendance. Mass media reporting can play a role in enhanced detection of abnormalities, but public health messages must be communicated effectively to minimize anxiety whilst maximizing case-finding and uptake among non-responders.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Sage
ISSN: 0969-1413
Date of Acceptance: 28 October 2011
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2017 21:57
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/93096

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