Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Subjective measures of binge drinking and alcohol-specific adverse health outcomes: a prospective cohort study

Paljärvi, Tapio, Mäkelä, Pia Kristiina, Poikolainen, Kari, Suominen, Sakari, Car, Josip and Koskenvuo, Markku 2012. Subjective measures of binge drinking and alcohol-specific adverse health outcomes: a prospective cohort study. Addiction 107 (2) , pp. 323-330. 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03596.x

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Aim To determine the performance of subjectively defined intoxications, hangovers and alcohol-induced pass-outs in identifying drinkers at risk for adverse health outcomes. Design Prospective population-based cohort study. Setting Working-aged Finnish general population. Participants A total of 21 204 alcohol-drinking men and women aged 20–24, 30–34, 40–44 and 50–54 years at baseline who participated in the Health and Social Support (HeSSup) postal survey in 1998. Measurements Binge drinking was measured by subjectively defined intoxications/drunkenness, hangovers and alcohol-induced pass-outs. Hazardous drinking was defined according to Finnish guidelines as weekly total intake of >287 g of ethanol for men, and for women > 191 g of ethanol (≥24 and ≥16 standard drinks, respectively). Study participants were followed-up for 7 years for alcohol-specific hospitalizations and deaths. Proportional hazard models and areas under the receiver operating characteristics curves (AUC) were used to analyse the data. Findings Of the drinkers, 6.5% exceeded the weekly limit for hazardous drinking, and 1.5% experienced the alcohol-specific end-point during the follow-up. Subjective intoxications, hangovers and alcohol-induced pass-outs all predicted future alcohol-specific diagnoses independently of average intake and of several other potential confounders. In identifying baseline hazardous drinking, subjective intoxications had a superior performance in relation to other subjective measures of binge drinking. In identifying future alcohol-specific hospitalizations or death, subjective intoxications had also the best performance, but this was not significantly different from the other binge drinking measures, or average intake. Conclusions Subjectively defined intoxications, hangovers and alcohol-induced pass-outs are population-level proxy measures of at-risk drinking patterns.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alcohol drinking; alcoholic intoxication; alcohol-related; drinking pattern; follow-up studies; hangover; hospitalization; mortality
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 0965-2140
Date of Acceptance: 22 July 2011
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:18
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/93221

Citation Data

Cited 8 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item