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Risk factors for alcohol-specific hospitalizations and deaths: Prospective cohort study

Poikolainen, Kari, Paljarvi, Tapio and Mäkelä, Pia 2011. Risk factors for alcohol-specific hospitalizations and deaths: Prospective cohort study. Alcohol and Alcoholism 46 (3) , pp. 342-348. 10.1093/alcalc/agr013

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Abstract

Aims: To study the risk factors for hospitalizations and deaths due to alcohol-specific diagnoses. Methods: Representative samples of men (n = 4431) aged 15–69 at the baseline interviews in September 1969, 1976 and 1984 were pooled. Follow-up was 16.3 years or to the first end-point. The main outcome measure was hospitalization (main cause) or death (underlying or contributory cause) due to an alcohol-specific diagnosis. Results: There were altogether 216 men with either hospitalization or death with an alcohol-specific diagnosis. This outcome was positively associated with smoking, overall alcohol intake, being an ex-drinker and being divorced or widowed. Similar associations and relative risk estimates were found when cases of alcohol dependence were excluded and when focusing on alcohol psychosis or on alcohol-specific diseases of the stomach, liver and pancreas. Conclusion: Cigarette smoking, overall alcohol intake, being an ex-drinker and marital status associate with alcohol-specific hospitalizations and deaths and can predict these outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0735-0414
Date of Acceptance: 29 January 2011
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:18
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/93222

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