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A UK survey of driving behaviour, fatigue, risk taking and road traffic accidents

Smith, Andrew Paul 2016. A UK survey of driving behaviour, fatigue, risk taking and road traffic accidents. BMJ Open 6 , e011461. 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011461

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Abstract

Objective The aim of the present research was to examine associations between poor driving behaviour (DB), driving when fatigued (DF), risk taking (RT) and road traffic accidents (RTAs). Design The study involved a cross-sectional online survey of clients of an insurance company. The survey measured DB (speeding, distraction, lapses of attention and aggression), RT and frequency of driving when fatigued (DF, driving late at night, prolonged driving, driving after a demanding working day and driving with a cold). Demographic, lifestyle, job characteristics and psychosocial factors were also measured and used as covariates. Setting Cardiff, UK. Sample 3000 clients of an insurance company agreed to participate in the study, and 2856 completed the survey (68% woman, 32% man; mean age: 34 years, range 18–74 years). Main outcome measures The outcomes were RTAs (requiring medical attention; not requiring medical attention), where the person was the driver. Results Factor analyses showed that DB, RT and fatigue loaded on independent factors. Logistic regressions showed that poor DB, frequently DF and taking risks predicted medical and non-medical RTAs. These effects were additive and those who reported poor DB, driving when fatigue and taking risks were twice as likely to have an RTA. These effects remained significant when demographic, lifestyle, medical, driving, work and psychosocial factors were covaried. Conclusions Poor DB, DF and RT predict RTAs. There are now short measuring instruments that can assess these, and driver education programmes must increase awareness of these risk factors.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN: 2044-6055
Funders: Admiral Insurance
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 19 August 2016
Date of Acceptance: 5 July 2016
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:21
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/93928

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