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The role of social capital and community belongingness for exercise adherence: An exploratory study of the CrossFit gym model

Whiteman-Sandland, Jessica, Hawkins, Jemma and Clayton, Debbie 2018. The role of social capital and community belongingness for exercise adherence: An exploratory study of the CrossFit gym model. Journal of Health Psychology 23 (12) , pp. 1545-1556. 10.1177/1359105316664132

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Abstract

This is the first study to measure the ‘sense of community’ reportedly offered by the CrossFit gym model. A cross-sectional study adapted Social Capital and General Belongingness scales to compare perceptions of a CrossFit gym and a traditional gym. CrossFit gym members reported significantly higher levels of social capital (both bridging and bonding) and community belongingness compared with traditional gym members. However, regression analysis showed neither social capital, community belongingness, nor gym type was an independent predictor of gym attendance. Exercise and health professionals may benefit from evaluating further the ‘sense of community’ offered by gym-based exercise programmes.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Development and Evaluation of Complex Interventions for Public Health Improvement (DECIPHer)
Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: Community health psychology, social capital, exercise behaviour, physical activity, social support.
Publisher: SAGE Journals
ISSN: 1359-1053
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 August 2016
Date of Acceptance: 12 July 2016
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2019 17:31
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/94078

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