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Perceived causality and perceived force: Same or different?

White, Peter Anthony 2014. Perceived causality and perceived force: Same or different? Visual Cognition 22 (5) , pp. 672-703. 10.1080/13506285.2014.911234

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Abstract

Visually perceived interactions between objects, such as animated versions of billiard ball collisions, give rise to causal impressions, impressions that one object produces some effect in another, and force impressions, impressions that one object exerts a certain amount of force on another. In four experiments, evidence for strong divergence between these two impressions is reported. Manipulations of relative direction of motion and point of contact between the objects had different effects on the causal and force impressions (Experiment 1); delay between one object contacting another and the latter starting to move had a stronger effect on the causal impression than on the force impression (Experiment 2); a context of other moving objects significantly weakened the causal impression but not the force impression (Experiment 3); and there was an inverse relation between an impression of one object penetrating another and the amount of force the former was perceived as exerting on the latter (Experiment 4). These findings are explained in terms of differential effects of instructions on attention, and also in terms of differences in meaning between force and causality.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 1350-6285
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 September 2016
Date of Acceptance: 30 March 2014
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:22
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/94265

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