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Friction and wear behaviour of ceramic materials under unidirectional sliding with saline lubrication

Wyatt, Hayley, Clarke, Alastair and Moriarty, Christopher 2016. Friction and wear behaviour of ceramic materials under unidirectional sliding with saline lubrication. Presented at: 43rd Leeds-Lyon Symposium on Tribology "Tribology - The Jost Report - 50 Years on", University of Leeds, UK, 5-9 September 2016.

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Abstract

Ceramic materials, with their biocompatibility and wear resistance, are widely used in biomedical bearing applications such as artificial replacement joints, in implantable devices and as dental implants. As such, knowledge of the friction and wear performance of commonly used ceramic materials is of interest to the bio-tribology community. In this paper, three commonly-used material combinations were tested to assess their wear performance for use in biomedical applications. Testing was performed in a pin-on-disk tribometer constructed by the Cardiff Tribology Group. The material combinations tested were (A) zirconia pin on alumina disk, (B) zirconia pin on zirconia-toughened alumina (ZTA) disk, and (C) ruby pin on ZTA disk. The contact geometry was a 1mm radius spherical pin sliding on a flat disk, with an applied load of 5 N and a nominal sliding speed of 57 mm/s. The contact was lubricated with 2 ml of phosphate-buffered saline in a reservoir surrounding the disk. Each test was conducted for a nominal duration of 8 hours, which represents a total sliding distance of 1642 m. During the tests, friction was continuously monitored using a load cell, to allow the calculation of mean coefficient of friction. Following each test, the pin and disk components were measured using a surface profilometer, and the vast majority of wear in all cases was found to occur on the pin. It was demonstrated that when assessing the performance of ceramic materials, consideration must be given to both the frictional and wear behaviour.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Completion
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 17 October 2016
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2017 11:41
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/94454

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