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Three-dimensional distribution of ejecta in Supernova 1987A at 10 000 days

Larsson, J., Fransson, C., Spyromilio, J., Leibundgut, B., Challis, P., Chevalier, R. A., France, K., Jerkstrand, A., Kirshner, R. P., Lundqvist, P., Matsuura, Mikako, McCray, R., Smith, N., Sollerman, J., Garnavich, P., Heng, K., Lawrence, S., Mattila, S., Migotto, K., Sonneborn, G., Taddia, F. and Wheeler, J. C. 2016. Three-dimensional distribution of ejecta in Supernova 1987A at 10 000 days. Astrophysical Journal 833 (2) , 147. 10.3847/1538-4357/833/2/147

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Abstract

Due to its proximity, SN 1987A offers a unique opportunity to directly observe the geometry of a stellar explosion as it unfolds. Here we present spectral and imaging observations of SN 1987A obtained ~10,000 days after the explosion with HST/STIS and VLT/SINFONI at optical and near-infrared wavelengths. These observations allow us to produce the most detailed 3D map of H-alpha to date, the first 3D maps for [Ca II] \lambda \lambda 7292, 7324, [O I] \lambda \lambda 6300, 6364 and Mg II \lambda \lambda 9218, 9244, as well as new maps for [Si I]+[Fe II] 1.644 \mu m and He I 2.058 \mu m. A comparison with previous observations shows that the [Si I]+[Fe II] flux and morphology have not changed significantly during the past ten years, providing evidence that it is powered by 44Ti. The time-evolution of H-alpha shows that it is predominantly powered by X-rays from the ring, in agreement with previous findings. All lines that have sufficient signal show a similar large-scale 3D structure, with a north-south asymmetry that resembles a broken dipole. This structure correlates with early observations of asymmetries, showing that there is a global asymmetry that extends from the inner core to the outer envelope. On smaller scales, the two brightest lines, H-alpha and [Si I]+[Fe II] 1.644 \mu m, show substructures at the level of ~ 200 - 1000 km/s and clear differences in their 3D geometries. We discuss these results in the context of explosion models and the properties of dust in the ejecta.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Uncontrolled Keywords: supernovae: general; supernovae: individual (SN 1987A)
Publisher: American Astronomical Society
ISSN: 0004-637X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 16 September 2016
Date of Acceptance: 12 September 2016
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:24
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/94618

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