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Risk Assessment in Offenders With Mental Disorders: Relative Efficacy of Personal Demographic, Criminal History, and Clinical Variables

Phillips, Helen K., Gray, Nicola S., MacCulloch, Sophie I., Taylor, J., Moore, Simon C., Huckle, P. and MacCulloch, M. J. 2005. Risk Assessment in Offenders With Mental Disorders: Relative Efficacy of Personal Demographic, Criminal History, and Clinical Variables. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 20 (7) , pp. 833-847. 10.1177/0886260504272898

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Abstract

Following the meta-analysis by Bonta, Law, and Hanson, (1998) this study examined the ability of personal demographic, criminal history, and clinical variables to predict reoffending in offenders in the United Kingdom who had mental disorders. The efficacy of each variable in predicting rate of general reoffending and violent reoffending was investigated. Age on admission, number of days hospitalized, and number of previous offenses were the most effective variables in predicting re-offending, with number of previous offenses being the strongest predictor. Clinical diagnosis was not predictive of reoffending when the variance attributable to these other predictors was controlled for. None of the variables were able to discriminate between general offenders and violent offenders indicating that the same variables predict both types of reoffending. The results showed that reconviction in offenders with mental disorders can be predicted using the same criminogenic variables that are predictive in offenders without mental disorders.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISSN: 0886-2605
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2017 11:38
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/94632

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