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Sodium channel inhibition by anandamide and synthetic cannabimimetics in brain

Nicholson, R. A., Liao, C., Zheng, J., David, L. S., Coyne, L., Errington, Adam C., Singh, G. and Lees, G. 2003. Sodium channel inhibition by anandamide and synthetic cannabimimetics in brain. Brain Research 978 (1-2) , pp. 194-204. 10.1016/S0006-8993(03)02808-7

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Anandamide is a prominent member of the endocannabinoids, a group of diffusible lipid molecules which influences neuronal excitability. In this context, endocannabinoids are known to modulate certain presynaptic Ca2+ and K+ channels, either through cannabinoid (CB1) receptor stimulation and second messenger pathway activation or by direct action. We investigated the susceptibility of voltage-sensitive sodium channels to anandamide and other cannibimimetics using both biochemical and electrophysiological approaches. Here we report that anandamide, AM 404 and WIN 55,212-2 inhibit veratridine-dependent depolarization of synaptoneurosomes (IC50s, respectively 21.8, 9.3 and 21.1 μM) and veratridine-dependent release of l-glutamic acid and GABA from purified synaptosomes [IC50s: 5.1 μM (L-glu) and 16.5 μM (GABA) for anandamide; 1.6 μM (L-glu) and 3.3 μM (GABA) for AM 404, and 12.2 (L-glu) and 14.4 μM (GABA) for WIN 55,212-2]. The binding of [3H]batrachotoxinin A 20-α-benzoate to voltage-sensitive sodium channels was also inhibited by low to mid micromolar concentrations of anandamide, AM 404 and WIN 55,212-2. In addition, anandamide (10 μM), AM 404 (10 μM) and WIN 55,212-2 (1 μM) were found to markedly block TTX-sensitive sustained repetitive firing in cortical neurones without altering primary spikes, consistent with a state-dependent mechanism. None of the inhibitory effects we demonstrate on voltage-sensitive sodium channels are attenuated by the potent CB1 antagonist AM 251 (1–2 μM). Anandamide’s action is reversible and its effects are enhanced by fatty acid amidohydrolase inhibition. We propose that voltage-sensitive sodium channels may participate in a novel signaling pathway involving anandamide. This mechanism has potential to depress synaptic transmission in brain by damping neuronal capacity to support action potentials and reducing evoked release of both excitatory and inhibitory transmitters.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0006-8993
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2020 02:54

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