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European struggles and American resistance: inclusion of aviation into the EU ETS

Pustelnik, Pawel 2016. European struggles and American resistance: inclusion of aviation into the EU ETS. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.
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Abstract

This research examines the process of inclusion of aviation into the European Union Emissions Trading System (EU ETS). The thesis investigates an environmentally-recalcitrant community (aviation industry) and its attempts to suspend the application of the EU ETS on the sector. It focuses on the decision-making processes at the European Union (EU) level and juxtaposes the European policy-making with the resistance to inclusion shown in the political system of the United States (US). More specifically, it seeks to understand the factors affecting the effectiveness of efforts to forge effective international environmental policy, especially those driven by the EU in the context of climate change. Theoretically, this research draws on three theories: Multi-level governance, Policy Network Analysis and Interpretive Policy Analysis. These theories are advanced by considering the meaning-making activities pursued by the stakeholders and discursive aspects of the process analysed. Empirically the thesis is informed by a series of semi-structured interviews conducted in Washington, DC in 2013 and in Brussels, Belgium in 2014, policy documents, and media content analysis. The thesis concludes that the climate ambitions of the (EU) may instigate international resistance leading to deterioration of relations with international partners. The thesis proves too that the conflict in the EU ETS case is related to the construction of interests both within the EU and vis à vis its international partners. The research contributes also to understanding the internal proceedings of the European Commission by showing discrepancies in decision-making between the Directorate Generals. It shows that the locus of policy making can be changed towards more non-material venues. Finally, the results show that aviation enjoys a particularly powerful position among other businesses both in the EU and in the US and is able to shape policy-making at the national and international level.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Date Type: Publication
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Geography and Planning
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Uncontrolled Keywords: Governance; Aviation; European Union; Venue-shopping; ICAO; Interpretive policy analysis; Policy network analysis; Climate change; European Commission; Mobility
Funders: ESRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 3 November 2016
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:29
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/95771

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