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Use and selection of sleeping sites by proboscis monkeys, Nasalislarvatus, along the Kinabatangan River, Sabah, Malaysia

Thiry, Valentine, Stark, Danica J., Goossens, Benoit, Slachmuylder, Jean-Louis, Vercauteren Drubbel, Régine and Vercauteren, Martine 2016. Use and selection of sleeping sites by proboscis monkeys, Nasalislarvatus, along the Kinabatangan River, Sabah, Malaysia. Folia Primatologica 87 (3) , pp. 180-196. 10.1159/000449219

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Abstract

The choice of a sleeping site is crucial for primates and may influence their survival. In this study, we investigated several tree characteristics influencing the sleeping site selection by proboscis monkeys (Nasalis larvatus) along Kinabatangan River, in Sabah, Malaysia. We identified 81 sleeping trees used by one-male and all-male social groups from November 2011 to January 2012. We recorded 15 variables for each tree. Within sleeping sites, sleeping trees were taller, had a larger trunk, with larger and higher first branches than surrounding trees. The crown contained more mature leaves, ripe and unripe fruits but had vines less often than surrounding trees. In addition, in this study, we also focused on a larger scale, considering sleeping and non-sleeping sites. Multivariate analyses highlighted a combination of 6 variables that revealed the significance of sleeping trees as well as surrounding trees in the selection process. During our boat surveys, we observed that adult females and young individuals stayed higher in the canopy than adult males. This pattern may be driven by their increased vulnerability to predation. Finally, we suggest that the selection of particular sleeping tree features (i.e. tall, high first branch) by proboscis monkeys is mostly influenced by antipredation strategies.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Karger
ISSN: 0015-5713
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 18 November 2016
Date of Acceptance: 18 August 2016
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2017 12:39
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/95775

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