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Whisker row deprivation affects the flow of sensory information through rat barrel cortex

Jacob, Vincent, Mitani, Akinori, Toyoizumi, Taro and Fox, Kevin Dyson 2017. Whisker row deprivation affects the flow of sensory information through rat barrel cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology 117 (1) , pp. 4-17. 10.1152/jn.00289.2016

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Abstract

Whisker trimming causes substantial reorganisation of neuronal response properties in barrel cortex. However, little is known about experience-dependent rerouting of sensory processing following sensory deprivation. To address this, we performed in vivo intracellular recordings from L2/3, L4, L5-regular-spiking (L5RS), and L5-intrinsic-bursting (L5IB) neurones and measured their multi-whisker receptive field at the level of spiking activity, membrane potential and synaptic conductance before and after sensory deprivation. We used Chernoff information to quantify the "sensory information" contained in the firing patterns of cells in response to spared and deprived whisker stimulation. In the control condition, information for flanking row and same row whiskers decreased in the order L4, L2/3, L5IB, L5RS. However, after whisker-row deprivation, spared flanking row whisker information was reordered to L4, L5RS, L5IB, L2/3. Sensory information from the trimmed whiskers was reduced and delayed in L2/3 and L5IB neurones while sensory information from spared whiskers was increased and advanced in L4 and L5RS neurones. Sensory information from spared whiskers was increased in L5IB neurones without a latency change. L5RS cells exhibited the largest changes in sensory information content through an atypical plasticity combining a significant decrease in spontaneous activity and an increase in a short latency excitatory conductance.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Uncontrolled Keywords: conductance, vibrissa, plasticity, cortical circuit, cortical column
Publisher: American Physiological Society
ISSN: 0022-3077
Funders: MRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 1 November 2016
Date of Acceptance: 5 October 2016
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:29
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/95779

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