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Herschel-ATLAS: revealing dust build-up and decline across gas, dust and stellar mass selected samples – I. Scaling relations

De Vis, P, Dunne, Loretta, Maddox, Steve, Gomez, Haley, Clark, Christopher J. R., Schofield, Simon, Bourne, Nicholas, Eales, Stephen, Smith, Matthew W. and Valiante, Elisabetta 2017. Herschel-ATLAS: revealing dust build-up and decline across gas, dust and stellar mass selected samples – I. Scaling relations. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 464 (4) , pp. 4680-4705. 10.1093/mnras/stw2501

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Abstract

We present a study of the dust, stars and atomic gas (Hi) in an Hi-selected sample of local galaxies (z < 0.035) in the Herschel Astrophysical Terahertz Large Area Survey (H-ATLAS) fields. This Hi-selected sample reveals a population of very high gas fraction (> 80 per cent), low stellar mass sources that appear to be in the earliest stages of their evolution.We compare this sample with dust and stellar mass selected samples to study the dust and gas scaling relations over a wide range of gas fraction (proxy for evolutionary state of a galaxy). The most robust scaling relations for gas and dust are those linked to NUV-r (SSFR) and gas fraction, these do not depend on sample selection or environment. At the highest gas fractions, our additional sample shows the dust content is well below expectations from extrapolating scaling relations for more evolved sources, and dust is not a good tracer of the gas content. The specific dust mass for local galaxies peaks at a gas fraction of 75 per cent. The atomic gas depletion time is also longer for high gas fraction galaxies, opposite to the trend found for molecular gas depletion timescale.We link this trend to the changing efficiency of conversion of Hi to H2 as galaxies increase in stellar mass surface density as they evolve. Finally, we show that galaxies start out barely obscured and increase in obscuration as they evolve, yet there is no clear and simple link between obscuration and global galaxy properties.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords: Galaxies: evolution - galaxies: ISM - galaxies: fundamental parameters
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0035-8711
Funders: ERC, STFC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 2 November 2016
Date of Acceptance: 29 September 2016
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2019 10:35
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/95808

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