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ProTides of BVdU as potential anticancer agents upon efficient intracellular delivery of their activated metabolites

Kandil, Sahar, Balzarini, Jan, Rat, Stephanie, Brancale, Andrea, Westwell, Andrew D. and McGuigan, Christopher 2016. ProTides of BVdU as potential anticancer agents upon efficient intracellular delivery of their activated metabolites. Biorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 26 (23) , pp. 5618-5623. 10.1016/j.bmcl.2016.10.077

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Abstract

Nucleosides represent a major chemotherapeutic class for treating cancer, however their limitations in terms of cellular uptake, nucleoside kinase-mediated activation and catabolism are well-documented. The monophosphate pro-nucleotides known as ProTides represents a powerful strategy for bypassing the dependence on active transport and nucleoside kinase-mediated activation. Herein, we report the structural tuning of BVdU ProTides. Forty six phosphoramidates were prepared and biologically evaluated against three different cancer cell lines; murine leukemia (L1210), human CD4 + T-lymphocyte (CEM) and human cervical carcinoma (HeLa). Twenty-fold potency enhancement compared to BVdU was achieved against L1210 cells. Interestingly, a number of ProTides showed low micromolar activity against CEM and HeLa cells compared to the inactive parent BVdU. The ProTides showed poor, if any measurable toxicity to non-tumourigenic human lung fibroblast cell cultures. Separation of four pairs of the diastereoisomeric mixtures and comparison of their spectral properties, biological activities and enzymatic activation rate is reported.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0960-894X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 25 November 2016
Date of Acceptance: 25 October 2016
Last Modified: 15 May 2019 14:13
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/96425

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