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Effect of the chemical composition of filter media on the microbial community in wastewater biofilms at different temperatures

Naz, Iffat, Hodgson, Douglas, Smith, Ann, Marchesi, Julian Roberto, Ahmed, Safia, Avignone-Rossa, Claudio and Saroj, Devendra P. 2016. Effect of the chemical composition of filter media on the microbial community in wastewater biofilms at different temperatures. RSC Advances 6 (106) , pp. 104345-104353. 10.1039/C6RA21040F

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Abstract

This study investigates the microbial community composition in the biofilms grown on two different support media in fixed biofilm reactors for aerobic wastewater treatment, using next generation sequencing (NGS) technology. The chemical composition of the new type of support medium (TDR) was found to be quite different from the conventionally used support medium (stone). The analysis of 16S rRNA gene fragments recovered from the laboratory scale biofilm system show that biofilm support media and temperature conditions influence bacterial community structure and composition. Greater bacterial diversity was observed under each condition, primarily due to the large number of sequences available and sustenance of rare species. There were 6 phyla found, with the highest relative abundance shown by the phylum Proteobacteria (52.71%) followed by Bacteroidetes (33.33%), Actinobacteria (4.65%), Firmicutes, Verrucomicrobia (3.1%) and Chloroflex (>1%). The dataset showed 17 genera of bacterial populations to be commonly shared under all conditions, suggesting the presence of a core microbial community in the biofilms for wastewater treatment. However, some genera in the biofilms on TDR were observed in high proportions, which may be attributed to its chemical composition, explaining the improved level of wastewater treatment. The findings show that the structure of microbial communities in biofilm systems for wastewater treatment is affected by the properties of support matrix.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: RSC Publishing
ISSN: 2046-2069
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 19 January 2017
Date of Acceptance: 24 October 2016
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2018 11:28
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/96607

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