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Numerical investigation of flow-induced rotary oscillation of circular cylinder with rigid splitter plate

Lu, Lin, Guo, Xiao-ling, Tang, Guo-qiang, Liu, Ming-ming, Chen, Chuan-qi and Xie, Zhihua 2016. Numerical investigation of flow-induced rotary oscillation of circular cylinder with rigid splitter plate. Physics of Fluids 28 (9) , 093604. 10.1063/1.4962706

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Abstract

Numerical results of fluid flow over a rotationally oscillating circular cylinder with splitter plate are presented here. Different from the previous examinations with freely rotatable assembly, the fluid and structure interactions are treated as a coupled dynamic system by fully considering the structural inertia, stiffness, and damping. The hydrodynamic characteristics are examined in terms of reduced velocity Ur at a relatively low Reynolds number Re = 100 for different plate lengths of L/D = 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5, where Ur = U/(Dfn), Re = UD/υ and fn = (κ/J)0.5/2π with U the free stream velocity, D the diameter of the circular cylinder, υ the fluid kinematic viscosity, fn the natural frequency, J the inertial moment, κ the torsional stiffness, and L the plate length. Contrast to the freely rotating cylinder/plate body, that is, in the limit of κ → 0 or Ur →∞, remarkable rotary oscillation is observed at relatively low reduced velocities. For the typical case with L/D = 1.0, the maximum amplitude may reach five times that at the highest reduced velocity of Ur = 15.0 considered in this work. At the critical reduced velocity Ur = 4.2, notable hydrodynamic jumps are identified for the rotation amplitude, response frequency, mean drag coefficient, lift amplitude, and vortex shedding frequency. Moreover, the phase angle between the fluid moment and rotary oscillation abruptly changes from 0 to π at Ur = 6.5. Due to the combined effect of fluid moment, rotation response, and phase difference, the natural frequency of the rotating body varies in flow, leading to a wide regime of lock-in/synchronization (Ur ≥4.2, for L/D = 1.0). The phenomenon of rotation bifurcation, i.e., the equilibrium position of the rotary oscillation deflects to a position which is not parallel to the free stream, is found to only occur at higher reduced velocities. The longer splitter plate has the lower critical reduced velocity. The occurrence of bifurcation is attributed to the anti-symmetry breaking of the wake flow evolution. The resultant asymmetric mean pressure distribution on the splitter plate gives rise to the net lift force and the deviated moment on the assembly, leading to the offset mean position of splitter plate. The global vortex shedding is identified to be the classic 2S mode for both cases with and without the bifurcation, although the second vortex formation and the shedding pattern in the near wake for the bifurcate case are different from the non-bifurcate case with lower reduced velocities.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TC Hydraulic engineering. Ocean engineering
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
ISSN: 1070-6631
Date of Acceptance: 1 August 2016
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2019 11:35
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/97689

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