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Modelling and control of multi-type grid-scale energy storage for power system frequency response

Sami, Saif Sabah, Cheng, Meng and Wu, Jianzhong 2016. Modelling and control of multi-type grid-scale energy storage for power system frequency response. Presented at: 2016 IEEE 8th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (IPEMC-ECCE Asia), 22-26 May 2016. 2016 IEEE 8th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (IPEMC-ECCE Asia). p. 269. 10.1109/IPEMC.2016.7512297

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Abstract

As a result of the increasing integration of renewable energy sources, power system is changing to a low inertia system with intermittent power supply. Frequency stability is therefore difficult to be maintained. Rather than increasing the spinning reserve capacity from conventional fossil-fuel generators, the use of Energy Storage System (ESS) for frequency response is considered as a technically viable low-carbon solution. To facilitate the grid-level study which aggregates a number of wide-spread small-size ESS, simplified models of multi-type ESSs including batteries and flywheels were developed. A generalized frequency controller was developed and applied to the aforementioned types of ESS. The controller coordinates the response amongst a population of ESS based on the units' State of Charge indicator. An adaptive droop control is combined with the coordinated control to guarantee a linear frequency response provided by a smaller number of ESS units. The number of charging and discharging of each unit is therefore reduced which prolongs the lifetime of the ESS units. Case studies were carried out by connecting a number of multi-type ESSs to a simplified GB power system model. Results show that the grid-scale ESSs are able to provide frequency response similar to but faster than frequency-sensitive generators. Implementation of ESS is therefore technically feasible to support the grid frequency stability with the reduction in the spinning reserve capacity.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 10 February 2017
Date of Acceptance: 26 February 2016
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2019 02:37
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/98240

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