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Modeling psychiatric disorders: from genomic findings to cellular phenotypes

Falk, A, Heine, V M, Harwood, Adrian John, Sullivan, P F, Peitz, M, Brüstle, O, Shen, S, Sun, Y-M, Glover, J C, Posthuma, D and Djurovic, S 2016. Modeling psychiatric disorders: from genomic findings to cellular phenotypes. Molecular Psychiatry 21 (9) , pp. 1167-1179. 10.1038/mp.2016.89

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Abstract

Major programs in psychiatric genetics have identified 4150 risk loci for psychiatric disorders. These loci converge on a small number of functional pathways, which span conventional diagnostic criteria, suggesting a partly common biology underlying schizophrenia, autism and other psychiatric disorders. Nevertheless, the cellular phenotypes that capture the fundamental features of psychiatric disorders have not yet been determined. Recent advances in genetics and stem cell biology offer new prospects for cell-based modeling of psychiatric disorders. The advent of cell reprogramming and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) provides an opportunity to translate genetic findings into patient-specific in vitro models. iPSC technology is less than a decade old but holds great promise for bridging the gaps between patients, genetics and biology. Despite many obvious advantages, iPSC studies still present multiple challenges. In this expert review, we critically review the challenges for modeling of psychiatric disorders, potential solutions and how iPSC technology can be used to develop an analytical framework for the evaluation and therapeutic manipulation of fundamental disease processes.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 1359-4184
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 22 February 2017
Date of Acceptance: 21 April 2016
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:43
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/98499

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