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The antimicrobial effects of the alginate oligomer OligoG CF-5/20 are independent of direct bacterial cell membrane disruption

Pritchard, Manon F., Powell, Lydia C., Khan, Saira, Griffiths, Peter C., Mansour, Omar T., Schweins, Ralf, Beck, Konrad, Buurma, Niklaas J., Dempsey, Christopher E., Wright, Chris J., Rye, Philip D., Hill, Katja E., Thomas, David W. and Ferguson, Elaine L. 2017. The antimicrobial effects of the alginate oligomer OligoG CF-5/20 are independent of direct bacterial cell membrane disruption. Scientific Reports 7 , 44731. 10.1038/srep44731

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Abstract

Concerns about acquisition of antibiotic resistance have led to increasing demand for new antimicrobial therapies. OligoG CF-5/20 is an alginate oligosaccharide previously shown to have antimicrobial and antibiotic potentiating activity. We investigated the structural modification of the bacterial cell wall by OligoG CF-5/20 and its effect on membrane permeability. Binding of OligoG CF-5/20 to the bacterial cell surface was demonstrated in Gram-negative bacteria. Permeability assays revealed that OligoG CF-5/20 had virtually no membrane-perturbing effects. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) surface charge and aggregation were unaltered in the presence of OligoG CF-5/20. Small angle neutron scattering and circular dichroism spectroscopy showed no substantial change to the structure of LPS in the presence of OligoG CF-5/20, however, isothermal titration calorimetry demonstrated a weak calcium-mediated interaction. Metabolomic analysis confirmed no change in cellular metabolic response to a range of osmolytes when treated with OligoG CF-5/20. This data shows that, although weak interactions occur between LPS and OligoG CF-5/20 in the presence of calcium, the antimicrobial effects of OligoG CF-5/20 are not related to the induction of structural alterations in the LPS or cell permeability. These results suggest a novel mechanism of action that may avoid the common route in acquisition of resistance via LPS structural modification.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 2045-2322
Funders: STFC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 28 March 2017
Date of Acceptance: 13 February 2017
Last Modified: 27 Dec 2018 21:06
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/98645

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