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Road Pricing on the Basis of Congestion Costs: Consistent Results from Two Historic U.K. Towns

Santos, Georgina 2000. Road Pricing on the Basis of Congestion Costs: Consistent Results from Two Historic U.K. Towns. Transportation Research Record 1732 (1) , pp. 25-31. 10.3141/1732-03

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Abstract

The idea of road pricing as a function of congestion costs in the United Kingdom (U.K.) was put forward in a seminal report published by the U.K. Ministry of Transport in 1964. After 35 years, little has been done and the reasons behind this delay are mainly political, as the failure to implement congestion metering in Cambridge at the beginning of the 1990s shows. The subject has taken on a new urgency now that the U.K. government has announced its intention to authorize local councils to introduce road charges. Road pricing has a strong theoretical basis, but congestion costs must be quantified before it can be implemented. For that purpose, a simulation model is used. The social costs of congestion are measured by the deadweight loss and calculated from the difference between the marginal social costs and the price actually paid by trip makers. An exercise was done for two similar towns, Cambridge and York, and potential road charges differing by only 8 percent on average were obtained. This seems to strengthen the idea that finding road charges in a few cases, each one characteristic of a larger set of towns, would allow the provision of guidelines to local councils. In that way, fair road prices could be established across the U.K. The use of revenues from public-accepted road charges is also discussed.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Geography and Planning (GEOPL)
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance
Uncontrolled Keywords: Traffic congestion, congestion costs, road pricing, congestion pricing, value pricing, efficient charge, Pigouvian charge, social costs of congestion, first best congestion charge, social welfare, deadweight loss, Cambridge, York, use of revenues, public acceptability road pricing
Publisher: Transportation Research Board
ISSN: 0361-1981
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2019 09:09
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/9948

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