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Big data integration: Pan-European fungal species observations' assembly for addressing contemporary questions in ecology and global change biology

Andrew, Carrie, Heegaard, Einar, Kirk, Paul M., Bässler, Claus, Heilmann-Clausen, Jacob, Krisai-Greilhuber, Irmgard, Kuyper, Thomas W., Senn-Irlet, Beatrice, Büntgen, Ulf, Diez, Jeffrey, Egli, Simon, Gange, Alan C., Halvorsen, Rune, Høiland, Klaus, Nordén, Jenni, Rustøen, Fredrik, Boddy, Lynne and Kauserud, Håvard 2017. Big data integration: Pan-European fungal species observations' assembly for addressing contemporary questions in ecology and global change biology. Fungal Biology Reviews 31 (2) , pp. 88-98. 10.1016/j.fbr.2017.01.001

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Abstract

Species occurrence observations are increasingly available for scientific analyses through citizen science projects and digitization of museum records, representing a largely untapped ecological resource. When combined with open-source data, there is unparalleled potential for understanding many aspects of the ecology and biogeography of organisms. Here we describe the process of assembling a pan-European mycological meta-database (ClimFun) and integrating it with open-source data to advance the fields of macroecology and biogeography against a backdrop of global change. Initially 7.3 million unique fungal species fruit body records, spanning nine countries, were processed and assembled into 6 million records of more than 10,000 species. This is an extraordinary amount of fungal data to address macro-ecological questions. We provide two examples of fungal species with different life histories, one ectomycorrhizal and one wood decaying, to demonstrate how such continental-scale meta-databases can offer unique insights into climate change effects on fungal phenology and fruiting patterns in recent decades.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biogeography; Citizen science; Fungi; Global change; Meta-database; Open-source
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1749-4613
Date of Acceptance: 5 January 2017
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:46
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/99513

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