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Qualitative representation and spatial reasoning in a rule-based computational design model

Al-Jokhadar, Amer and Jabi, Wassim 2017. Qualitative representation and spatial reasoning in a rule-based computational design model. Presented at: The 5th eCAADe Regional International Symposium 2017, Welsh School of Architecture, Cardiff University, 26-28 April 2017. Published in: Jabi, Wassim ed. The Virtual and the Physical: between the representation of space and the making of space. Proceedings of the 5th eCAADe Regional International Symposium. Cardiff University: eCAADe Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe, Brussels and the Welsh School of Architecture, Cardiff University, Wales, United Kingdom, pp. 35-44.

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Abstract

Integrating social and cultural constraints in computational models remains a challenge due to the difficulties in representing them algorithmically. This research aims to find a mechanism for combining shape grammars and space syntax methods for exploring spatial-formal features that affect the social life in residential buildings. ‘Spatial reasoning’ as a method for understanding the social logic of spaces and the residents’ behavior, integrated with ‘discursive grammar’ as a method for describing formal and topological relationships, are adopted. Several computational tools are used for analysing qualitative aspects, such as privacy, social interaction, and accessibility. An automated model of spatial/syntactical analysis, embedded in Rhino/Grasshopper, offers an alternative method for extracting topological relations and syntactic calculations. Using this tool, designers can add new aspects to the justified graph of Hiller and Hanson, as a representation to formal and social realities, such as orientation and geometric configuration. Results of analysis are transformed into codes, parameters, and descriptions, to be used for designing future developments, inspiring from local traditions. The target is to generate different alternatives for socially sustainable, and ‘contemporary vernacular’ buildings, which respect the context, and the needs of users.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Architecture
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
Uncontrolled Keywords: Spatial Reasoning, Syntactic Analysis, Discursive Grammars, Computational Models, Social Sustainability, Visibility Graph Analysis
Additional Information: This research is supported by a Leverhulme Trust Research Project Grant (Grant No. RPG-2016-016).
Publisher: eCAADe Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe, Brussels and the Welsh School of Architecture, Cardiff University, Wales, United Kingdom
ISBN: 9781899895267
Funders: University of Petra, Jordan
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 28 April 2017
Date of Acceptance: 2 February 2017
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 09:47
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/99909

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