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Emerging carriage of NDM-5 and MCR-1 in Escherichia coli from healthy people in multiple regions in China: a cross sectional observational study

Shen, Zhangqi, Hu, Yanyan, Sun, Qiaoling, Hu, Fupin, Zhou, Hongwei, Shu, Lingbin, Ma, Tengfei, Shen, Yingbo, Wang, Yang, Li, Juan, Walsh, Timothy R., Zhang, Rong and Wang, Shaolin 2018. Emerging carriage of NDM-5 and MCR-1 in Escherichia coli from healthy people in multiple regions in China: a cross sectional observational study. EClinicalMedicine 6 , pp. 11-20. 10.1016/j.eclinm.2018.11.003

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Background Carriage of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) in humans may contribute to the dissemination of CRE and impact on communities and healthcare facilities. Carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli (CREC) is one of the major type of CRE in the human gut. Here, we describe a cross-sectional study to investigate the prevalence of CREC, and in particular the mcr-1 carrying CREC, in health volunteers in China. Methods During September to December 2016, 3859 non-duplicated stool specimens were collected from healthy volunteers who received regular physical examinees in healthcare centers located in 19 provinces across China. Enrichment culture supplemented meropenem was used to isolate CREC. Carbapenemase producing determinants and the mcr-1 gene were determined by PCR amplification and sequencing. Isolates were further analyzed by antibiotic susceptibility test, genotyping, and whole genome analysis. Findings A total of 92 non-duplicated CREC were isolated from 3859 stool specimens, among which 43 CREC are carbapenemase positive. In addition, the co-existence of blaNDM and mcr-1 was found in 14 CREC, which also showed resistance to the majority of all antimicrobial agents analyzed. The genetic background of these CREC isolates are highly diversified based on molecular typing. Furthermore, whole genome sequence indicated that NDM-5 is the predominant determinant conferring carbapenem resistance in CREC, and that NDM-5 carrying plasmids (IncX3) are very similar. Interpretation The incidence of CREC carriage in healthy people in China was small; however, the co-existence of CREC with mcr-1 is disconcerting. Therefore, pre-screening prior to admission and monitoring of patients on high-dependency wards is highly recommended to control and prevent the dissemination of CRE in hospitals. Outstanding Question The high prevalence of CREC in the healthy people should not be underestimated, as it may increase the risk of infection. This knowledge could have impact on the pre-screening and monitoring of CRE before patient administration.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 2589-5370
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 17 June 2019
Date of Acceptance: 15 November 2018
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2019 16:26

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