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Respiratory oscillations in yeasts

Lloyd, David 2008. Respiratory oscillations in yeasts. In: Maroto, Miguel and Monk, Nicholas A. M. eds. Cellular Oscillatory Mechanisms, Vol. 641. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, New York, NY: Springer, pp. 118-140. (10.1007/978-0-387-09794-7_9)

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Respiratory oscillations in yeasts have been studied in three time domains with periods of (a) about a minute, (b) about 40 min, and (c) about a day. Reactive responses (damped oscillations), rhythms and temperature-compensated clocks have been described for (b) and (c), but a timekeeping clock has not yet been shown for (a). Synchronous populations reveal the time-structure that can only otherwise be studied in single organisms; this is because time-averaging through an asynchronous population conceals its fine structure. Early studies with synchronous cultures made by size selection methods indicated ultradian-clock driven oscillations in respiration, pools of adenylates, total protein, RNA synthesis and many enzyme activities (τ=40 min in Schizosaccharomyces pombe, 30 min in Candida utilis), and more recently in self-synchronised continuous cultures of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (τ=48 min). Most detailed understanding comes from the latter system, where continuous, noninvasive real-time monitoring (of O2 uptake, CO2 production, and NAD(P)H redox state) is combined with frequent discrete time samples (for other redox components, including H2S, GSH and cytochromes, metabolites, and mRNA levels). A redox switch lies at the heart of this ultradian clock and a plethora of outputs is optimized to a time-base that is genetically-determined and differs in different organisms. It is suggested that the entire temporal landscape of all eukaryotic organisms and the cells of higher plants and animals is constructed on this basis. A time frame for the coordination and coherence of all intracellular processes and the construction and assembly of cellular structures is provided by the ultradian clock. The circadian clock matches these functions to the daily cycle of the external environment.

Item Type: Book Section
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 978-0-387-09793-0
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2020 15:02

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