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Determination of the viability of Trichomonas vaginalis using flow cytometry

Humphreys, Michelle J., Allman, Richard and Lloyd, David 1994. Determination of the viability of Trichomonas vaginalis using flow cytometry. Cytometry 15 (4) , pp. 343-348. 10.1002/cyto.990150410

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In clinical laboratories, viability of Trichomonas vaginalis is determined by using light microscopy (differential count of motile to nonmotile organisms). Alternative methods are proposed that utilise flow cytometry. Under an epifluorescence microscope, live organisms fluorescence intensely green with fluorescein diacetate (FDA), whereas dead cells fluoresce orange with propidium iodide (PI). Flow cytometric histograms of green versus red fluorescence reveal distinct populations for live and dead cells. The anionic oxonal probe DiBAC4(3) is a membrane potential sensitive dye that distributes between the inside of the cell and the medium. Live organisms are less fluorescent than dead organisms when stained with the oxonol probe. Valinomycin, dicyclohexylcarbodiimide, and vanadate all give significant changes in the fluorescence intensities of cultures stained with the oxonol probe compared with control cultures, indicating that this probe is detecting changes in plasma membrane potential. Both FDA/PI and oxonol staining protocols allow good discrimination between populations and permit counts that are more statistically significant than those obtained by light microscopy. These methods remove the subjectiveness of microscopic counts and would increase the accuracy of susceptibility assays.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
ISSN: 0196-4763
Date of Acceptance: 12 October 1993
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2020 14:30

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