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Effects of inhibitors on the oxygen kinetics of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis

Paget, Timothy A, Fry, Mitchell and Lloyd, David 1987. Effects of inhibitors on the oxygen kinetics of Nippostrongylus brasiliensis. Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology 22 (2-3) , 125--133. 10.1016/0166-6851(87)90042-9

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Endogenous respiration of the parasitic nematode Nippostrongylus brasiliensis and the succinate oxidase activity of isolated mitochondria were partially inhibited by antimycin A; the remaining respiratory activity was sensitive to salicylhydroxamic acid (SHAM). Sub-millimolar concentrations of SHAM markedly stimulated respiration by 60% in whole N. brasiliensis and isolated mitochondria; stimulation by SHAM was not observed in the presence of antimycin A. Little change in the relative fluxes of electrons through the classical, antimycin A-sensitive pathway and the alternative SHAM sensitive pathway was observed between low and high O2 concentrations; this may suggest that the O2 affinities of both pathways are similar. O2 dependence of respiration showed O2 thresholds above which respiration decreases; in the absence of inhibitors whole N. brasiliensis and isolated mitochondria had threshold values around 60 μM O2. Increased O2 threshold values were observed in the presence of SHAM and antimycin A. The apparent Km values for O2 of whole N. brasiliensis and isolated mitochondria were 31 ± 2 μM O2 and 3.5 ± 0.2 μM O2 respectively; this difference in apparent Km values may reflect the presence of O2 gradients in the whole worm. The Km and O2 inhibition threshold values observed for whole N. brasiliensis are in good agreement with the proposed range of O2 concentrations thought to exist within the worm's natural environment. H2O2 production was detected in respiring uncoupled mitochondria, but H2O2 could not be detected in the medium surrounding whole N. brasiliensis. SHAM-stimulated respiration was accompanied by increased H2O2 production which was prevented by the addition of antimycin A.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0166-6851
Date of Acceptance: 7 August 1986
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2020 14:30

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