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Respiration in the filarial nematode Brugia pahangi

Paget, TA, Mendis, AHW and Lloyd, D 1989. Respiration in the filarial nematode Brugia pahangi. International Journal for Parasitology 19 (3) , 337--343. 10.1016/0020-7519(89)90145-8

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d-Glucose-supported O2 uptake in the filarial nematode Brugia pahangi was partially inhibited by antimycin A (30–40%), with the remaining activity being sensitive to o-hydroxydiphenyl or salicylhydroxamic acid (SHAM). The production of CO2 by B. pahangi in the presence of d-glucose was stimulated by O2; the stimulation of CO2 production was sensitive to antimycin A. The O2 dependencies of respiration showed that the apparent O2 affinity for B. pahangi was diminished in the presence of antimycin A; O2 thresholds for inhibition of respiration were observed which showed that the alternative electron transport pathway was less sensitive to inhibition at elevated O2 concentrations. H2O2 production and its excretion could be detected in whole B. pahangi; higher rates were observed in the presence of the uncoupler carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone. The effects of inhibitors on H2O2 production suggest two sites of H2O2 production, one associated with the classical antimycin A-sensitive pathway, the other with the alternative respiratory pathway. The similarity in the O2 dependencies of H2O2 production and respiration may indicate that H2O2 production is involved in O2-mediated toxicity. Succinate and malate respiring sub-mitochondrial particles of B. pahangi produced O2.− radicals at a site on the antimycin A-sensitive respiratory pathway. Inhibition of the alternative electron pathway by SHAM was unusual; sub-millimolar concentrations markedly stimulated respiration, H2O2 production and O2.− production by 30,20 and 25%, respectively, whereas higher concentrations (> 2.5 mm) inhibited respiration by 75% and H2O2 and O2.− production by up to 85%.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0020-7519
Date of Acceptance: 20 December 1988
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2020 15:30

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