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Optimizing nanosheet nickel cobalt oxide as an anode material for bifunctional electrochemical energy storage and oxygen electrocatalysis

Cho, Sangeun, Lee, Seongwoo, Hou, Bo, Kim, Jongmin, Jo, Yongcheol, Woo, Hyeonseok, Pawar, Sambhaji M., Inamdar, Akbar I., Park, Youngsin, Cha, SeungNam, Kim, Hyungsang and Im, Hyunsik 2018. Optimizing nanosheet nickel cobalt oxide as an anode material for bifunctional electrochemical energy storage and oxygen electrocatalysis. Electrochimica Acta 274 , pp. 279-287. 10.1016/j.electacta.2018.04.107

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Mesoporous Ni-Co oxide (NCO) nanosheet electrodes are fabricated on Ni foam via an electrodeposition technique. Their bifunctional activities for electrochemical energy storage and electro-catalysis for water splitting in strong alkaline media are optimized by varying the ratio of concentrations of the Ni and Co precursors. The ratio-based changes vary the pore size of the NCO nanosheets between 92.5 and 200 nm, and structural analyses reveal that the electrode films have a spinel NiCo2O4 structure. The obtained specific capacitance varies dramatically between 613 and 2704 Fg−1 at 2 mA cm−2, with good capacity retention (80–90%) after 2000 cycles. The NCO nanosheet electrodes also exhibit a good oxygen evolution reaction at the surface. The lowest overpotential (315 mV at 10 mA cm−2) is obtained with a Tafel slope of 59 mV dec−1. The observed bifunctional activities of the new NCO nanosheet electrode are superior to those of nanostructured NCO electrodes prepared via hydrothermal and SILAR methods. The analyses regarding the electrochemically active surface area and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, together with the observed electrochemical performance, reveal that the most-optimized Ni and Co composition produces the synergetic effects of an electrochemically active surface area and great stability.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0013-4686
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 March 2020
Date of Acceptance: 15 March 2018
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2020 18:08

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