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Plasmonic effects of dual-metal nanoparticle layers for high-performance quantum dot solar cells

Hong, John, Kim, Byung-Sung, Hou, Bo, Cho, Yuljae, Lee, Sang Hyo, Pak, Sangyeon, Morris, Stephen M., Sohn, Jung Inn and Cha, SeungNam 2020. Plasmonic effects of dual-metal nanoparticle layers for high-performance quantum dot solar cells. Plasmonics 15 , pp. 1007-1013. 10.1007/s11468-020-01120-y

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To improve quantum dot solar cell performance, it is crucial to make efficient use of the available incident sunlight to ensure that the absorption is maximized. The ability of metal nanoparticles to concentrate incident sunlight via plasmon resonance can enhance the overall absorption of photovoltaic cells due to the strong confinement that results from near-field coupling or far-field scattering plasmonic effects. Therefore, to simultaneously and synergistically utilize both plasmonic effects, the placement of different plasmonic nanostructures at the appropriate locations in the device structure is also critical. Here, we introduce two different plasmonic nanoparticles, Au and Ag, to a colloidal PbS quantum dot heterojunction at the top and bottom interface of the electrodes for further improvement of the absorption in the visible and near-infrared spectral regions. The Ag nanoparticles exhibit strong scattering whereas the Au nanoparticles exhibit an intense optical effect in the wavelength region where the absorption of light of the PbS quantum dot is strongest. It is found that these dual-plasmon layers provide significantly improved short-circuit current and power conversion efficiency without any form of trade-off in terms of the fill factor and open-circuit voltage, which may result from the indirect contact between the plasmonic nanoparticles and colloidal quantum dot films.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: Springer Verlag (Germany)
ISSN: 1557-1955
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 24 February 2020
Date of Acceptance: 16 January 2020
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2021 06:38

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